Ruhsal Şölen-Spiritual Feast

Vedik kulturune ilgi duyuyor musunuz? Renkli, senlikli bayram gunlerini de sever misiniz?

 

Dün Hindistanin Mathura yakinindaki Govardhan tepesinin  Krsna tarafindan havaya kaldirildigi ve insanlarin Krsna’naya (sunulacak olan yiyecegin) bhogun hazirlanmasi icin tum gece boyunca uyanik kalip elli dort ya da 108 farkli cesit yemek pisirdigi gun olan Govardhana pujaydı. Bu torene yiyecek dagi anlamına gelen ankut denir. Degisik yemek cesitleri- tahillar, bakliyat, meyveler, sebzeler, chutney (cesitli malzemelerle yapilan geleneksel bir icecek),salatalar ve tatlilar- Deitiye sunulur ve ardindan da prasad olarak adanmislara ve insanlara dagitilir. Bu festival Govardhan Tepesinin Krsna tarafindan kaldirilmasinin anisinadir. Vedik yazinlara gore Krsna dogmadan once , yagmur tanrisi Indra Vraj (Hindistanda ki Vrindavan) in bas deitisiydi. Sonradan Krsna insanlari Indraya tapinmaya bir son vermeye kiskirtti. Indra da Krsna uzerindeki gucunu gostermek istedi ve kırsal kesimi gunlerce sel goturen saganagi yolladi.Insanlar saganagin nedeninin Indrayi ihmal etmelerinin bir sonucu oldugunu dusunmustu. Ama Krsna baslarina kotu birsey gelmeyecegini temit etti. Kucuk parmagiyla Govardhan Tepesini kaldirdi ve insanlarla hayvanlari yagmurdan korudu. Bu Ona Govardhanhari lakabini verdi. Bunun ardindan Indra Krsna nin ustunlugunu kabul etti.

 

Efsanevi bayram gunlerinden daha fazlasi var ki Srila Prabhupada burada moda ve ici bos ritueller ile bilgi yoluyla gelen pratik sonuclar arasindaki farki acikliyor.

 Krsna Govardhan tepesini kaldırıken...

     

Prabhupadanin Govardhan Puja gunundeki bir konusmasindan alintilar 

Prabhupada: Bugun Govardhanadhari, Giridhari, Lord Krsna bugun tepeyi kaldirdi. Vedik yazinlara gore farkli yaritanrilar vardir. Bazen Yunan mitolojisinde de su tanrilari, şimşek tanrilari bulacaksinizdir. Bunlar hayal urunu degil. Aslinda onlar gercek. Lakin yetersiz bilgimizden oturu biz maddi doganin nasil kontrol edildigini bilmiyoruz. Nitekim Krsna bu gezegendeyken ve bir coban cocuk rolunu oynadigi zaman tum evrenin heryerinde “Tanri geldi, enkarne oldu ve O yeryuzu gezegeninde ve O Vrindavan da bir coban cocuk rolunu ustlendi…” diye biliniyordu. Dolayisiyla birisi icin, eger Tanrinin enkarnasyonu varsa, kimisi inanir ve kimisi inanmaz, Krsna gercekten bu gezegende mevcutken, hatta gunumuze kadar bile, herkes Krsna nin Tanrinin Yuce Sahsiyeti oldugunu anlamis degildi. Sadece birkac kisi, Pandavalarin bes kardesi ve Vrindavan in genc kizlari, yalnizca bir elin parmaklari kadar, diyelim ki tum nufustan, yuz ya da ikiyuz  kisi diyelim, Onun Tanrinin Yuce Sahsiyeti oldugunu biliyordu. Yoksa herkes “ O tipki bizden biri gibi siradan bir adam ama en guclusu. Hepsi bu.” diye dusunmustu. Benzer sekilde diger gezegenlerdeki yaritanrilar, onlar da, “Ah budala biri. Bir coban cocugu Tanri olarak dusunuyorlar.” diye dusundu, boyle safsata karistirdilar. Ve ozellikle Indra, cennetsi krallik… cennetin krali.O… O cok gucluydu, boylece dusundu ki, “Tanri niye gelsin ki? Tanrim, O gelemez.” Bu bir tahmindi. Hatta Brahma bile tahminde bulundu. Ama Krsna Indra ya “Evet gercekten geldim.” diye gostermek istedi. Onun icin bu olay bugun, Govardhana-puja.

…“Ya bu bir hurafeyse?” Bakin Krsna nasil konusuyır. “Ya bu bir hurafeyse ya da bazi gercek etkisi varsa?” Hurafe altinda hicbirsey, dini ritueller yapmamalisiniz. Bu Krsna nin tavsiyesi. Krsna insanlarin hurafe altinda herhangi birseyi yerine getirmesini sevmez. Farzedin ki fedakarlik ediyorsunuz, eger bir toren yapiyorsaniz, mutlaka bilgi araciligiyla yapmalisiniz ki bir sonuc olmali. Sonucu olmali. Tipki Vedik yazinlarda tavsiye edilen bir cok fedakarliklar olmasi gibi, putresti-yagya. Putresti. Hic oglu olmayan bir adam farzedin ve bu fedakarligi gerceklestirirse bir oglu olacak. Bu bir gercek. Benzer sekilde bir suru sey var. Oyleyse herhangi rituel, dini ritueller… Simdi, Krsna ya gore… O ne kadar pratik. O dedi ki “Pratik sonucu olmayan, pratik sonucu olmayan hicbir rituel gerceklestirilmemeli.” İnsanlar ateist oldu cunku bu modern cagda sadece Hindu dininde degil Hristiyan dininde de, tum dinlerde bircok rituel var. Ama diyorlar ki sadece formalite; hicbir etkisi yok. Hic etkisi yok. Bu cesit ritueller, dini toren Krsna tarafindan onerilmez. Gercekten etkisini gormelisiniz.

 

…Dolayisiyla birseyler pratik olmadiginda bir yasak haline geliyor. Gercekten bazi spirituel ya da dini ritueller, isler araciligiyla bir sonuc aliyorsaniz o zaman cok iyi. Aksi halde hurafe. Lord Caitanya nin fikri bu cunku tum bu Vedik buyruklari, fedakarliklar, bunlarin bu cagda icre edilmesi mumun degil… Bunlar cok zor. Tum bu torenleri ve rituelleri gerceklestiricek uzman bir lider yok. Bu nedenle, bu Hare Krsna yi aliskanlik edinin. Bunu aliskanlik edinin. Rituele ihtiyac yok. Harcamaya gerek yok. Basit bir sekilde Tanri size dil verdi ve Tanri size kulak verdi. Sadece soylemeye devam edin: Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare/ Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare ve ruhsal gelisiminizi yerine getirecektir. Benzer sekilde Krsna dedi ki, jnatva ajnatva ca karmani jano yam anustishanti: “Genellikle, insan yiginlari, onlar cahil. Hurafe ya da gelenek olsun diye bilerek ya da bilmeyerek bazi dini rituelleri yerine getiriyorlar.” Demek ki, vidusa karma-siddhih syat tahta na viduso bhavet: “Ve budala olanlar, onlar sadece batil inanctan yapiyorlar.”

    

…Onun icin Krsna batil inanc altinda birsey yapmanizi tavsiye etmedi. Hayir. Pratik sonu cicin yapmalisiniz. Bu dogmatizm, tutuculuk—“Ah ne diye Hare Krsna yi soyleyeyim ki? Ben Hristiyanim. Ben Yahudiyim”—bu tutuculuk. Eger Hare Krsna yi soylemekte gercekten cosku buluyorsaniz, neden yapmayasaniz? Neden yapmayasiniz ki? “Hayir. Ben Yahudiyim.” “Ben Hristiyanim.” “Ben Muslumanim.” Oyleki, bu ruhsal platformdan askin bir titresim. Sizim İslaminiz, Hristiyanliginiz, Budizminiz, bu deri hastaligi. Bu… Cunku belli kosullarda belli bir bedeniniz var bu yuzden boyle iddia ediyorsunuz. Ama gercekte bizler hepimiz ruhuz ve bu ses titresimi ruhdan. Herkese cekici gelecek. Etkiyi gorun. O halde tutucu olmayin. Demek istedigim, yobaz olmayin. Oyleyse Krsna sunu istiyor, kisi sadece gelenekten oturu rituelleri takip etmemeli. Kisi sonucu gormeli.

 

Are you interested in Vedic culture? Do you like colorful, festive days as well?

    

Yesterday was  Govardhana puja when Mount Govardhan near Mathura,India was lifted by Krsna and is the day when people keep awake whole night and cook fifty four or 108 different types of food for the bhog (the offering of food) to Krsna. This ceremony is called ankut which means a mountain of food. Various types of food- cereals, pulses, fruit, vegetables chutneys, salads and sweets- are offered to the Deity and then distributes as prasad to devotees and everyone. This festival is in commemoration of lifting of Mount Govardhan by Krsna. According to the Vedic scriptures before Krsna was born, Indra the God of rain, was the chief deity of Vraj (Vrindavan,India). Then Krsna instigated the people to stop worshipping Indra. Indra wanted to show his power over Krsna and brought about a cloud-burst which flooded the countryside for many days. People were afraid that the result of downpour was a result of their neglect of Indra. But Krsna assured them that no harm would befall them. He lifted Mount Govardhan with his little finger and sheltered men and beasts from the rain. This gave Him the epithet Govardhanhari. After that Indra accepted the supremacy of Krsna. 

There is more to the legendary festive days that Srila Prabhupada here explains the difference between vogue and hollow rituals and the practical results through knowledge.      

Excerpts from a lecture by Prabhupada on Govardhana -puja      

Prabhupada:Today Govardhanadhäré, Giridhäré, Lord Kåñëa, today lifted the mountain. According to Vedic literature there are different demigods. Sometimes you will find in Greek mythology the gods of the water, gods of the thunderbolt. These are not imagination. Actually they are facts. But due to our insufficient knowledge we do not know how the material nature is being controlled. So when Kåñëa was on this planet and He was playing the part of a cowherd boy, and it was known to all over the universe that “God has come, taken incarnation, and He is on the earth planet, and He is at Våndävana playing the part of a cowherd boy…” So as if somebody, if there is incarnation of God, somebody believes and somebody does not believe, when Kåñëa was actually present on this earth, it is not that everybody understood that Kåñëa was the Supreme Personality of Godhead, not even up to date. Only few persons, the five brothers of the Päëòavas and the damsels of Våndävana, only in the fingers’ count, say, out of the whole population, say, hundred or two hundred men knew Him that He was the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Otherwise everyone thought that “He is an ordinary man just like one of us, but most powerful. That’s all.” Similarly, the demigods in other planets, they also thought, “Oh, he’s a foolish person. They are thinking of a cowherd boy as God,” sophisticated, like that. And especially Indra, the heavenly kingdom…, king of heaven. He was… He’s very powerful, so he thought, “What god he has come? My God, He cannot come.” This was some speculation. Even Brahmä also speculated. But Kåñëa wanted to show Indra that “Yes, actually I have come.” So that incidence is today, Govardhana-püjä…            … “Whether this is a superstition?” Just see how Kåñëa is speaking. “Whether it is a superstition or it has got some actual effect.” You should not do anything, religious rituals, under superstition. That is the recommendation of Kåñëa. Kåñëa does not like that people should perform anything under superstition. Suppose if you are sacrificing, if you are doing some ceremony, you must have thorough knowledge that there must be the result. There must be the result. Just like there are many sacrifices recommended in the Vedic literature, putreñöé-yajïa. Putreñöé. Suppose a man has no son, and if he performs that sacrifice, he will have a son. That is a fact. Similarly, so many things there are.So any rituals, religious rituals… Now, according to Kåñëa… How practical He is. He said that “No religious ritual should be performed without practical effect, without practical effect.” People have become atheist because in the modern age there are so many rituals in all religions, not only Hindu religion, but Christian religion. But, they say, simply formality; there is no effect. There is no effect. Such sort of rituals, religious ceremony, is not recommended by Kåñëa. You must actually the effect. 

…So when the things are not practical, that becomes a forbidden. If you actually get the result by some spiritual or religious rituals, performance, then it is very good. Otherwise it is superstition. Lord Caitanya’s opinion is that because all these Vedic injunctions, sacrifices, they are not possible to be performed in this age… They are very difficult. There is no expert leader to perform all these ceremonies and rituals. Therefore, take to this Hare Kåñëa. Take to this. There is no need of rituals. There is no need of expenses. Simply God has given you tongue, and God has given you ear. Just go on chanting: Hare Kåñëa, Hare Kåñëa, Kåñëa Kåñëa, Hare Hare/ Hare Räma, Hare Räma, Räma Räma, Hare Hare, and it will fulfill your spiritual advancement. Similarly, Kåñëa said, jïätvä ajïätvä ca karmäëi jano ’yam anutiñöhanti: “Generally, mass of people, they are ignorant. They perform some religious rituals knowingly or unknowingly as a matter of superstition or custom.” So, viduña karma-siddhiù syät. But one who is intelligent, he should know that “By this sacrifice, I must get the result.” Viduño karma-siddhiù syät tathä na viduño bhavet: “And those who are fools, they, simply by superstition, they do it.”     

…So Kåñëa did not recommend that you should do something under superstition. No. You must do it for practical result. This dogmatism, fanaticism—”Oh, why I shall chant Hare Kåñëa? I am Christian. I am Jews”—this is fanaticism. If you find actually ecstasy by chanting Hare Kåñëa, why should you not? Why should you not? “No. I am Jew.” “I am Christian.” “I am Muhammadan.” Well, it is transcendental vibration from the spiritual platform. Your Muhammadism, Christianism, Hinduisim, Buddhism, this is skin disease. This is… Because you have got some particular body at particular circumstances, therefore you claim like that. But actually we are all spirit soul, and this sound vibration is from the spirit soul. It will appeal to everyone. See the effect. Then don’t be fanaticist. Don’t be, I mean to say, sectarian. So Kåñëa wants that, that simply by custom, one should not follow the rituals. One should see the effect.

 

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